From: qui nguyen <email@example.com>
Sent: Thursday, November 17, 2011 11:28 PM
Subject: [ExryuVietnam] President Obama visit to Australia = AUSTRALIA- US-China
Subject: [ExryuVietnam] President Obama visit to Australia = AUSTRALIA- US-China
President's Parliamentary address - (2:22)US President Obama has made an historic address to Parliament in Canberra today, committing his nation's focus on the Asia-Pacific region.Published: November 17, 2011, 5:19 pm
Obama to China: We are here to stay - (2:15)The US President's speech to Parliament was a clear message to China, the United States is a growing force in the Asia Pacific region and is here to stay.Published: November 17, 2011, 6:24 pm
Australia can rely on US: Obama - (3:32)Barack Obama is wrapping up his Australian visit in Darwin tonight, after earlier telling Parliament the United States is a 'Pacific Power' that Australia can rely on.Published: November 17, 2011, 6:22 pm
Obama wraps up Australia visit with 'rockstar' farewell in Darwin
US President Barack Obama has wrapped up his whirlwind Australia visit in Darwin and has flown out to Bali on Thursday evening.
Mr Obama praised Australian troops as among the toughest in the world as a rapturous send-off capped off his trip.
The US commander in chief was greeted like a rock star when he appeared with Prime Minister Julia Gillard at Darwin's RAAF base on Thursday.
An estimated 2,000 troops gave him a standing ovation when he arrived and again when he left to board Air Force One bound for Bali and the East Asian summit.
The president's fondness for all things Australian was clear as he greeted his audience in a giant aircraft hangar with the words: "Hello everybody, how are you going?"
He then led the troops in a chant of "Aussie Aussie Aussie" and said, "I enjoyed that. You are all true blue."
He said he was proud to celebrate the 60th anniversary of the ANZUS alliance and couldn't think of a better group to do it with.
"You are the backbone of our countries, some of the toughest people in the world," he said.
Americans and Australians had stood together since World War I, he said, but in a sense Darwin was where the alliance was born.
It was the scene of Australia's own Pearl Harbour, when the city was bombed by Japanese planes in February 1942.
"Against the odds we fought back. We picked ourselves up, dusted ourselves off and rebuilt," he said, going on to score decisive victories in the battle of the Coral Sea, Midway and Milne Bay.
To the diggers who had fallen in Afghanistan, and their families, he said, "No words are sufficient for the depth of your sacrifice."
Referring to joint plans to base 250 Marines in the Top End next year, rising to 2,500 in five years, he said Darwin would write the next chapter in the "proud history of our alliance".
"Thank you for representing the very best of our two countries," President Obama told the troops.
"God bless America, God bless Australia and God bless the great alliance between our two peoples."
Dressed in an open-necked shirt in the Darwin heat, he received a kiss of congratulations from Ms Gillard, who said earlier the President wanted to get "out and about beyond Canberra and meet real Australians".
"There is not a better place to do it than here in Darwin," she said.
Ms Gillard praised the troops for "holding the flag high" and upholding the standards of their country.
"You are the ones who do the heavy lifting and make this alliance live, day in day out."
Darwin's elite were out in force to greet the president.
The RAAF base audience was mostly defence personnel but also included political, business and sporting identities such as former AFL footballer Michael Long.
They were entertained by an Army swing band, singer-guitarist Geoffrey Gurrumul Yunupingu and pop star Jessica Mauboy.
The Northern Territory's official gift to the US president was a painting by Bathurst Island artist Jean Baptiste Apuatimi.
The painting, depicting the body markings used at traditional Tiwi ceremonies, was part of "old ritual exchange traditions" for important visitors, NT Chief Minister Paul Henderson said.
The NT news, in an editorial headlined "Welcome our newest mate", said the emergence of China as a world power had given Darwin enormous strategic importance.
Obama was not the first US president to arrive in Darwin but he was the first to step on its soil and to be awake here.
Lyndon Johnson's plane refuelled in Darwin in 1967 on his way home from an Australian visit, but LBJ reportedly stayed sleeping on the plane and didn't get off.
Genuine Aussie souvenirs for the US First Family
The Australian government has given US President Barack Obama pairs of sheepskin boots and Tim Tams to take home to his daughters.
The gift list shows Malia, 13, and Sasha, 10, have been sent the Australian boots, a soft toy kangaroo and koala, a DVD of the Australian smash-hit film Red Dog and two packs of Tim Tam biscuits.
Mr Obama received a fawn-coloured Akubra Cattleman hat and a framed photograph of the 1941 signing of the ANZUS treaty.
He also takes home books written by Miles Franklin Literary Award winners, including That Deadman Dance by Kim Scott, Truth by Peter Temple and Breath by Tim Winton.
Large parts of Darwin have been locked down ahead of the visit, with soldiers lining the main roads in and out of town and a helicopter is hovering above the city.
Hundreds of prominent Territorians gathered at the Darwin Showgrounds to be security screened ahead of the visit.
They have been taken by bus to the Darwin RAAF base to hear from Mr Obama and Prime Minister Julia Gillard.
About a dozen Territorians will speak one-on-one with him, but they will have to be quick as they have only been allocated one minute each.
The Parliament address
Earlier on Thursday, the US President addressed a special session of Parliament in Canberra and drew on the fair go nature of Australians and Americans to underline the historical and cultural likeness between the two nations.
It's the fourth time a US president has addressed federal parliament, following George W Bush, Bill Clinton and George Bush senior.
"The bonds between us run deep," he said.
"In each other's story we see so much of ourselves. Ancestors who crossed vast oceans-some by choice, some in chains.
"Settlers who pushed west across sweeping plains. Dreamers who toiled with hearts and hands to lay railroads and build cities.
"Generations of immigrants who, with each new arrival, add a new thread to the brilliant tapestry of our nations.
"And we are citizens who live by a common creed-no matter who you are or what you look like, everyone deserves a fair chance; everyone deserves a fair go."
Mr Obama noted he had travelled to Australia as a child and was struck then by the optimism and easy going ways of its people.
"I have always wanted to return," he added.
The president said the 60-year-old ANZUS alliance between the US and Australia had never been stronger, saying America was turning its attention to the Asia Pacific region.
"The United States has and always will be a Pacific nation," he said.
Mr Obama said the events of September 11, 2001 had sustained the relationship through a difficult decade, as innocent lives were lost.
"That is why ... we are determined to succeed in Afghanistan," he said.
He honoured the 32 Australian soldiers who had died, naming the last three troops killed last month - Ashley Birt, Bryce Duffy and Luke Gavin.
"We will honour their sacrifice by making sure Afghanistan is never again used as a source for terrorism," he said.
In the Pacific and Australia, the US sees the future.
"As the world's fastest-growing region - and home to more than half the global economy - Asia is critical to achieving my highest priority: creating jobs and opportunity for the American people," he said.
"With most of the world's nuclear powers and nearly half of humanity, this region will largely define whether the century ahead will be marked by conflict or cooperation, needless suffering or human progress.
"As President, I've therefore made a deliberate and strategic decision - as a Pacific nation, the United States will play a larger and long-term role in shaping this region and its future, by upholding core principles and in close partnership with allies and friends."
Mr Obama and Prime Minister Julia Gillard on Wednesday announced an expansion of US military activity in Australia, beginning with an increase in the presence of US Marines from mid-2012.
While the US was reducing defence spending, as it begins to wind down the war in Afghanistan, it is also considering the future of its armed forces.
"And here is what this region must know," he said.
"As we end today's wars, I have directed my national security team to make our presence and missions in the Asia Pacific a top priority.
"As a result, reductions in US defence spending will not - I repeat, will not - come at the expense of the Asia Pacific.
Mr Obama said the US would "preserve" its ability to project power and deter threats to peace.
"The United States is a Pacific power, and we are here to stay," he added.
Mr Obama said he was humbled and deeply moved during his visit to the Australian War Memorial earlier on Thursday where he paid respects Australia's "fallen sons and daughters".
Later he will visit the Northern Territory, joining Ms Gillard in saluting men and women in uniform.
"It will be a reminder that from the trenches of the First World War to the mountains of Afghanistan, Aussies and Americans have stood together," Mr Obama said.
"We have fought together, we have given lives together in every single major conflict of the past 100 years, every single one."
Mr Obama said we would never forget the attacks of 9/11 which claimed the lives of many, including Australians.
"That is why we are determined to succeed in Afghanistan," he said.
"That is why I salute Australia, outside of NATO the largest contributor of troops to this vital mission.
"And it's why we honour all those who have served there for our security, including 32 Australian patriots who gave their lives."
Obama visits the Australian War Memorial
After a warm reception in Canberra yesterday, President Obama attended the Australian War Memorial shortly after 9am (AEDT) this morning. The president honoured Australia's war dead by laying a wreath at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier.
He made his way past the Wall of Remembrance, which contains the names of more than 100,000 Australians killed in action, pausing for a moment to reflect on two of the panels.
The first was for HMAS Sydney, sunk with no survivors in Australia's worst naval disaster in 1941.
The second was for more than 30 Australian airmen who lost their lives serving with the US Armed Air Force in World War II.
The president was warmly welcomed by Governor-General Quentin Bryce, Prime Minister Julia Gillard, Veteran Affairs Minister Warren Snowden and memorial council chairman Peter Cosgrove.
Brown on best behaviour for Obama speech
Australian Greens leader Bob Brown says he will listen intently to Barack Obama when the US president addresses a joint meeting of parliament later on Thursday.
That's because he regards Mr Obama as "wiser and more astute" than his predecessor George W Bush.
Senator Brown castigated Mr Bush during a presidential address to parliament in 2003, demanding the US withdraw from Iraq and release Australian terror suspect David Hicks from detention.
The Greens leader and other parliamentarians have been warned by Speaker Harry Jenkins to behave themselves during President Obama's visit.
Senator Brown will be on his best behaviour, indicating he will be "listening intently" to the president's speech.
"(The president) is very welcome here, it's a pity he can't stay longer," he told ABC radio.
Mr Abbott joined his parliamentary colleagues for a dinner in President Obama's honour on Wednesday night.
"The dinner was a very warm occasion, it reflected well on Australia," he said.
"We were all at our best last night."
Mr Abbott joked that President Obama's attempt at Australian slang during his dinner speech was as good as his own impersonation of the American accent.
Liberal MP Ken Wyatt, the first indigenous MP in parliament's lower house, said he had told President Obama about their shared birthday (August 4) during the parliamentary dinner.
"It was a great privilege to meet him," Mr Wyatt told reporters, adding the president was an inspiration to Aboriginal people in Australia.
"It's good for people to see you have an American president who is different to his historical counterparts, who has gotten there on merit alone," Mr Wyatt said.
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